Capolongo (10 pcs)
Capolongo (10 PZ)
Rootstocks: 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (We will send the graft carrier available at the time)
The vine has been cultivated in the Frosinate area since time immemorial. The census of agricultural resources (Atti dell'Inchiesta Parlamentare sullo stato dell'agricoltura del neonato Regno d'Italia 1877-1884) lists it as a variety commonly grown in the area.
- Plant: open shoot apex, curved, more or less cottony, whitish green with carmine edges, sometimes with bronze highlights. Shoot habit: erect.
- Leaf: medium, pentagonal, five-lobed, sometimes three-lobed with an involute profile; open V-shaped petiolar sinus; upper lateral sinuses closed in a U shape; upper page dark green.
- Berry: medium, round, thick-skinned, fairly consistent, moderately pruinose; golden yellow in colour with characteristic stippling; moderately consistent flesh with a neutral flavour; average berry weight 1.82 g.
- Bunch: medium size, cylindrical or pyramidal, averagely compact, average bunch weight 150 g.
budding in the first ten days of April; flowering in the third ten days of May; veraison in the third ten days of July; harvesting in the third ten days of September.
Variety characterised by remarkable rusticity with budding at an average late stage, which allows it to overcome frosts and spring frosts without damage. It is able to adapt to various environmental conditions, growing without problems in both fairly compact soils and calcareous soils with the presence of stones. In the past, the vines were grown in pairs with elm trees, and even today there are scattered vines trained to the testucchio system. Most of the vines are free-standing. It is normally grown as a simple espalier in mixed cultivation. Traditional spurred cordon pruning with a maximum of 12 buds. Fertilisation with manure; the use of mineral fertiliser is very limited.
- Production: low.
- Average number of inflorescences per bud: one to two.
- Disease resistance: normal for downy mildew, powdery mildew and botrytis.
TECHNOLOGICAL AND ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERISTICS
Chemical characteristics of the wine:
- alcohol content 11.70-13.14 vol %.
- pH 3.18-3.39
- Total acidity 5.06-6.83 g/l
- Volatile acidity 0.18-0.48 g/l
- Average pH 3.17
- Average sugar content 20,33
- Total acidity 5,99 %.
A wine of a deep straw-yellow colour, with an important acidic structure, a robust body with a predominance of fruity over floral aromas.
RULES TO PLANT A VINEYARD
You must perform this operation always with dry soil
A) On arable land is generally sufficient to ripper + to plow
B) On planting soil is generally sufficient to plow with an escavator and to clean the old roots.
If the previous crop was a vineyard, it is a good idea to leave the soil fallow for at least three years (after plowing). This procedure represents a valid possibility of defence against soil nematodes.
2. SOIL FERTILIZATION
Use organics and if it is a reimplantation, use Calciumocyanamide.
This fertiliser has a protective effect on the soil and the crop, especially against fungi.
3.PROPAGATING GRAPE VINE CUTTINGS
The planting should be carried out in temperate soil. The grafting point should be 8-10 cm above ground. Avoid shaving the redices. As much as possible, put sand and/or peat in contact with the roots (the root fears asphyxiation, while it needs a micro-oxygenation). Never fertilize in a localized manner (near the roots). Never water the rooted cuttings before summer.
When sprouting, the root apparatus must be heated as soon as possible. Work the soil repeatedly every 7/10 days at increasing depth (up to 20 cm), taking into account the moisture of the soil. When the apex of the bud starts to grow, it means that the root system is functioning. Only then can we stop watering the soil. Failure to grow due to access to water is often confused with a lack of water. This is why watering is used which is expensive, useless or even worse.
Protect vegetation from Peronospora. To each treatment add nitrogen (N) and iron (Fe) foliar fertilizer. Do not make any radical fertilization.
Continue with the defense against Peronospora by suspending the addition of the foliar fertilizer. This defense should be reinforced in late summer and should be continued until vegetation growth stops.
The September/October blight is destructive, to the point of bringing death to the whole plant (if it has not lignified). The rooted vine lacks clusters, so lignification occurs at the end of the vegetative cycle.
If incomprehensible anomalies persist after this procedure, contact an agronomist or the VCR Technical Service promptly before carrying out arbitrary procedures which may be unsuitable, expensive and/or worsening.