Regina (10 pieces)
REGINA (10 pieces)
Rootstocks: 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (We will send the graft carrier available at the time)
This is one of the oldest and most widespread of the table grapes, which is why it has taken on so many synonyms over time. It is known as Pergolone in Abruzzo, Inzolia Imperiale in Sicily, Menavacca in Apulia, Calabria and Campania, Dattier de Beyrouth in France, Afouz Ali or Bolgar in Bulgaria, Aleppo in Romania, Rasaki in the Aegean islands. It is certainly of Eastern origin, perhaps from Syria, but it is not known how and when it arrived in Italy, perhaps in ancient times, even before the Vulgar Era. Few vines can boast such a long history of cultivation and such a wide area of diffusion, which can be identified in almost all the wine-growing countries of the Mediterranean.
- Ampelographics: bud with an expanded, globular apex, green with a bronze-pink edge, slightly bent, golden-green, translucent apical leaflets with bronze-pink tones, glabrous. Leaves are medium-sized, pentagonal, tripentalobate with U-shaped petiolar sinus, wavy, almost smooth, glabrous, light green. Cluster: large, long, pyramidal or cylindrical, fairly spreading, winged with one or two wings. Berry: large, elliptical; skin: pruinose, moderately thick, golden yellow in colour; flesh: crisp, sweet, neutral in flavour.
- Cultivation and pruning: requires expanded forms of cultivation and long pruning.
- Sensitivity to disease and adversity: sensitive to downy mildew, powdery mildew and blight.
- Overall assessment: excellent taste, accepted by a wide range of consumers; resists transport and on the plant.
Phenological and agronomic characteristics:
- Sprouting time: late.
- Ripening time: late.
- Vigour: good.
- Real fertility: 1.10.
- Production: good.
- Bunch weight: 600-700 g.
- Berry weight: 7-9 g.
- Seeds: 2 per berry.
- Sugar content: 15-16%.
- Total acidity: 5‰.
- PH: 3.32.
- Resistance to transport: high.
Clones in multiplication: Regina ISV6, ISV9. Clone ISV6 refers to the Inzolia biotype, characterised by an elongated cylindrical berry.
CULTIVATED AREA IN ITALY
YEAR 1990 2000 2010
HECTARES 12,590 3,539 3,563
RULES TO PLANT A VINEYARD
You must perform this operation always with dry soil
A) On arable land is generally sufficient to ripper + to plow
B) On planting soil is generally sufficient to plow with an escavator and to clean the old roots.
If the previous crop was a vineyard, it is a good idea to leave the soil fallow for at least three years (after plowing). This procedure represents a valid possibility of defence against soil nematodes.
2. SOIL FERTILIZATION
Use organics and if it is a reimplantation, use Calciumocyanamide.
This fertiliser has a protective effect on the soil and the crop, especially against fungi.
3.PROPAGATING GRAPE VINE CUTTINGS
The planting should be carried out in temperate soil. The grafting point should be 8-10 cm above ground. Avoid shaving the redices. As much as possible, put sand and/or peat in contact with the roots (the root fears asphyxiation, while it needs a micro-oxygenation). Never fertilize in a localized manner (near the roots). Never water the rooted cuttings before summer.
When sprouting, the root apparatus must be heated as soon as possible. Work the soil repeatedly every 7/10 days at increasing depth (up to 20 cm), taking into account the moisture of the soil. When the apex of the bud starts to grow, it means that the root system is functioning. Only then can we stop watering the soil. Failure to grow due to access to water is often confused with a lack of water. This is why watering is used which is expensive, useless or even worse.
Protect vegetation from Peronospora. To each treatment add nitrogen (N) and iron (Fe) foliar fertilizer. Do not make any radical fertilization.
Continue with the defense against Peronospora by suspending the addition of the foliar fertilizer. This defense should be reinforced in late summer and should be continued until vegetation growth stops.
The September/October blight is destructive, to the point of bringing death to the whole plant (if it has not lignified). The rooted vine lacks clusters, so lignification occurs at the end of the vegetative cycle.
If incomprehensible anomalies persist after this procedure, contact an agronomist or the VCR Technical Service promptly before carrying out arbitrary procedures which may be unsuitable, expensive and/or worsening.