Description

AUTHORIZED RETAILER 

Bellone (100 pieces)

Graft carrier 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (Graft carrier available at the time will be sent)

Bellone is a vine of ancient origins widespread in Lazio and cultivated mainly in the vineyards around the capital where it plays an important role in the delicate white wines of the Roma DOC denomination. It has a fan-shaped, cottony, whitish-green apex with a carmine rim; large, pentagonal, five-lobed leaf with lyre-shaped petiolar sinus with closed and even overlapping edges of a deep green colour. Cluster almost large, cylindrical-conical, sometimes with a wing, semi-sparse or compact with medium-sized, sub-round berry, thick, consistent, yellowish skin, almost soft flesh and simple flavour. The vine has good vigour, prefers medium expansion training systems and rich, medium or short pruning. Bellone VCR2 gives wines that are ready to drink, with a fruity aroma of discreet intensity and fineness, fresh, sapid, with a slightly bitter aftertaste, not persistent.

Ampelographic characters:

  • Sprout 10 - 12 cm
    Apex: fan-shaped, cottony, whitish-green with carmine rim
    Apical leaflets (1st to 3rd): eave-shaped, cottony, especially on the underside, whitish-green with slightly carminated edge.
    Basal leaflets (4th onwards): spreading, downy on the underside, yellowish-green the 4th and green the 5th, edges revolute.
    Sprout axis: arachnoid, green tinged with brown, slightly curved.
  • Sprout at flowering:
    Apex: fan-shaped, cottony, whitish green with carminate edge.
    Apical leaflets: eave-shaped, cottony, especially on the underside, whitish-green with a slightly carmine edge.
    Basal leaflets: spreading, downy on the underside, yellowish-green the 4th and green the 5th, edges revolute.
    Shoot axis: arachnoid, green, tinged with brown, curved.
  • Herbaceous shoot: section almost round, surface smooth, glabrous, green with brown-vinous shades.
  • Tendril: intermittent, bifid, green, vigorous.
  • Inflorescence: medium to almost large, cylindrical-conical; semi-serrate racemes; serrate flowers; vinous-brown peduncle.
  • Flower: regular, large, green corolla with a slightly pink star; open hermaphrodite regular flower, self-fertile.
  • Leaf: large, pentagonal, five-lobed; lyre-shaped petiolar sinus with closed and even overlapping edges; upper lateral sinuses ellipsoidal, closed or semi-closed, deep; lower lateral sinuses U-shaped, open, deep; upper page glabrous, deep green, blistered; lower page pale green, downy; flap wavy, with upper page veins recessed; lobes revolute, angles at their tips acute; lower page main veins green, downy; teeth medium regular, in 1 or 2 sets, teeth medium, with straight or slightly curved margins, narrow base.
  • Petiole: medium long or long, medium coarse, rounded cross-section, with inconspicuous channel, sprinkled with hairs, green, slightly tinged with pink.
  • Autumn leaf colouring: yellow
  • Bunch when ripe: almost large, cylindrical-conical, sometimes with a wing, semi-serrated or serrated; peduncle of medium length, thick, semi-woody
  • Berry: medium-large or almost large, sub-rounded, regular cross-section; skin thick, consistent, yellowish colour, generally with brown tinges and mottling, moderately pruinose; umbilicus moderately evident; flesh almost soft and with simple flavour; pedicel almost short, medium-large, green in colour; cercine not very evident, medium-large, green in colour; brush short, yellowish green; separation of berry from pedicel of average difficulty.
    Seeds: 2 or 3 per berry, medium-sized, pyriform, with large beak, oval calaza.
  • Woody trunk: long, elliptical cross-section, smooth surface, with slightly pinkish bloom, pale brown bark, thick, regular and marked streaks; long internodes; moderately evident nodes, slightly purplish in colour; medium thick diaphragms; conical, medium-sized and moderately protruding buds.
  • Trunk: vigorous and characteristic for easily issuing suckers.


Phenology

Vegetative phenomena:

  • Sprouting: ordinary or almost early period.
  • Flowering: ordinary epoch.
  • Ovulation: ordinary epoch.
  • Lignification: ordinary epoch.
  • Grape ripening: III or IV epoch.
  • Leaf fall: late period.

Characteristics and Cultivation Skills

  • Vigour: very; prefers medium-expansion training systems and rich, medium or short pruning.
  • Production: almost abundant and not always constant.
  • Position of first flowering shoot: from 4th node.
  • Number of inflorescences per shoot: from the 1st at the base of the fruiting shoot none or one; from the others generally two inflorescences.
  • Fertility of the females: none.
  • Resistance to disease and adversity: somewhat sensitive to downy mildew and rot.
  • Behaviour with respect to multiplication by grafting: normal.

Clones in multiplication: Bellone VCR2.

CULTIVATED AREA IN ITALY

YEAR              1970   1982  1990   2000   2010
HECTARES    15701  5111  2948  1478      511

 

RULES TO PLANT A VINEYARD

1. PLOW

You must perform this operation always with dry soil
A) On arable land is generally sufficient to ripper + to plow
B) On planting soil is generally sufficient to plow with an escavator and to clean the old roots.
If the previous crop was a vineyard, it is a good idea to leave the soil fallow for at least three years (after plowing). This procedure represents a valid possibility of defence against soil nematodes.

2. SOIL FERTILIZATION
Use organics and if it is a reimplantation, use Calciumocyanamide.
This fertiliser has a protective effect on the soil and the crop, especially against fungi.

3.PROPAGATING GRAPE VINE CUTTINGS
The planting should be carried out in temperate soil. The grafting point should be 8-10 cm above ground. Avoid shaving the redices. As much as possible, put sand and/or peat in contact with the roots (the root fears asphyxiation, while it needs a micro-oxygenation). Never fertilize in a localized manner (near the roots). Never water the rooted cuttings before summer.

4.SPRING WORKS
When sprouting, the root apparatus must be heated as soon as possible. Work the soil repeatedly every 7/10 days at increasing depth (up to 20 cm), taking into account the moisture of the soil. When the apex of the bud starts to grow, it means that the root system is functioning. Only then can we stop watering the soil. Failure to grow due to access to water is often confused with a lack of water. This is why watering is used which is expensive, useless or even worse.

5.SPRING CURE
Protect vegetation from Peronospora. To each treatment add nitrogen (N) and iron (Fe) foliar fertilizer. Do not make any radical fertilization.

6.SUMMER CURE
Continue with the defense against Peronospora by suspending the addition of the foliar fertilizer. This defense should be reinforced in late summer and should be continued until vegetation growth stops.
The September/October blight is destructive, to the point of bringing death to the whole plant (if it has not lignified). The rooted vine lacks clusters, so lignification occurs at the end of the vegetative cycle.

7.TECHNICAL VISIT
If incomprehensible anomalies persist after this procedure, contact an agronomist or the VCR Technical Service promptly before carrying out arbitrary procedures which may be unsuitable, expensive and/or worsening.

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