Barbera (100 pieces)
BARBERA (100 pieces)
Rootstocks: 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (We will send the graft carrier available at the moment)
Originally from Monferrato, the vine is widely planted in Piedmont and Lombardy. It has more or less recently found areas of cultivation in the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines, in Campania and, albeit to a limited extent, almost everywhere in the South, although at present outside the historic areas of cultivation there is not as much interest as there once was.
- Ampelographics: the variety is fairly homogeneous, the differential characteristics being vigour, bunch and berry size, productivity and product quality. Sprout with expanded apex, whitish-green, partially carmine-coloured. Leaves: medium-sized, pentagonal, five-lobed; lyre-shaped petiolar sinus closed with overlapping edges; underside tomentose. Cluster: medium, cylindrical-pyramidal, fairly compact. Berry: medium, ellipsoidal with thin, pruinose skin; juicy pulp with neutral flavour.
- Cultivation skills: vine of medium vigour, with semi-erect vegetation habit, relatively vigorous, plastic shoots, medium internodes. Adapts to different types of soil, preferring those with a tendency to clay and well exposed hilly areas.
- Cultivation and pruning: adapts to various forms of cultivation, especially Guyot, and medium to long pruning that is not excessively rich. It is essential to aerate the bunches to reduce botrytis attacks.
- Sprouting time: medium-early.
- Ripening time: medium.
- Production: excellent and constant.
- Sensitivity to disease and adversity: slightly sensitive to powdery mildew and more so to botrytis depending on bunch compactness. Very sensitive to boron and potassium deficiency, especially in light and sandy soils.
- Oenological potential: produces a more or less intense ruby red wine, with a delicate vinous, fruity bouquet, appropriately full-bodied, fairly acidic and tannic, sometimes sparkling and pleasant in its youthful fragrance; in classic growing areas it can produce a full-bodied, dry and tannic wine for ageing. To obtain fine wines it is necessary to limit
- vigour and productivity and adopt clones with high oenological potential.
Clones in multiplication: Barbera R 4, VCR 19, VCR 101, VCR 207, VCR 223, VCR 433, AT 84, CVTAL 115,
CVTAT 171, CVT 83, CVTAT 424, MIB 12, MIB 34, 17 BA.
CULTIVATED AREA IN ITALY
YEAR 1970 1982 1990 2000 2010
HECTARES 80,547 62,757 47,120 28,337 21,813
RULES TO PLANT A VINEYARD
You must perform this operation always with dry soil
A) On arable land is generally sufficient to ripper + to plow
B) On planting soil is generally sufficient to plow with an escavator and to clean the old roots.
If the previous crop was a vineyard, it is a good idea to leave the soil fallow for at least three years (after plowing). This procedure represents a valid possibility of defence against soil nematodes.
2. SOIL FERTILIZATION
Use organics and if it is a reimplantation, use Calciumocyanamide.
This fertiliser has a protective effect on the soil and the crop, especially against fungi.
3.PROPAGATING GRAPE VINE CUTTINGS
The planting should be carried out in temperate soil. The grafting point should be 8-10 cm above ground. Avoid shaving the redices. As much as possible, put sand and/or peat in contact with the roots (the root fears asphyxiation, while it needs a micro-oxygenation). Never fertilize in a localized manner (near the roots). Never water the rooted cuttings before summer.
When sprouting, the root apparatus must be heated as soon as possible. Work the soil repeatedly every 7/10 days at increasing depth (up to 20 cm), taking into account the moisture of the soil. When the apex of the bud starts to grow, it means that the root system is functioning. Only then can we stop watering the soil. Failure to grow due to access to water is often confused with a lack of water. This is why watering is used which is expensive, useless or even worse.
Protect vegetation from Peronospora. To each treatment add nitrogen (N) and iron (Fe) foliar fertilizer. Do not make any radical fertilization.
Continue with the defense against Peronospora by suspending the addition of the foliar fertilizer. This defense should be reinforced in late summer and should be continued until vegetation growth stops.
The September/October blight is destructive, to the point of bringing death to the whole plant (if it has not lignified). The rooted vine lacks clusters, so lignification occurs at the end of the vegetative cycle.
If incomprehensible anomalies persist after this procedure, contact an agronomist or the VCR Technical Service promptly before carrying out arbitrary procedures which may be unsuitable, expensive and/or worsening.