Sangiovese (10 pcs)
Sangiovese (10 pcs)
Rootstocks: 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (We will send the graft carrier available at the moment)
Grape variety of Tuscan origin according to all authors or in any case from the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines. It has spread widely throughout central Italy, distinguishing itself in different biotypes. More recent is its cultivation in the South and on the Islands. In Corsica, it is cultivated under the name Nielluccio.
- Ampelographics: the variety population is quite diverse; biotypes are distinguished by the size or shape of the bunch, the size of the berry, the shape of the leaf and the vigour. A large number of clones, expressing the various biotypes, are currently being cultivated in the various areas. Sprout with expanded or semi-expanded apex, whitish green in colour with slightly carmine edge. Leaves are medium-sized, pentagonal, five-lobed, sometimes three-lobed. Petiolar sinus more or less U-shaped, sometimes V-shaped and slightly open. Glabrous underside. Cluster medium to medium-large to medium-small depending on biotype, cylindrical-pyramidal or conical-pyramidal with one or two wings. Berry: medium-sized, ovoid; pruinose, not thick skin; flesh with simple flavour.
- Cultivation skills: vigorous vine with upright vegetation habit. Robust shoots with medium-length internodes. Widely adaptable to different environments but prefers non-fertile soils where it gives a good quality product; requires dry climates that tend to be hot for good grape ripening.
- Cultivation and pruning: adapts to different forms of cultivation, both short and long pruning. Its shoots are easy to manage but it needs green pruning to avoid attacks by cryptogams on the bunches of grapes. Easy to prune and easy to prune in all forms of cultivation and can be completely mechanised.
- Sprouting time: medium.
- Ripening time: medium.
- Production: abundant and constant; the number of buds should not be exaggerated so as not to downgrade the quality of the product.
- Sensitivity to disease and adversity: slightly sensitive to powdery mildew, more so to botrytis. Sensitive to winter cold and spring frosts. Suffers slightly from chlorosis.
- Oenological potential: gives a wine of intense ruby red colour, tannic, full-bodied, harmonious, with a pleasant bitterish aftertaste; fruity when young, when aged it releases aromas as it refines considerably.
Clones in multiplication: Sangiovese R10, R24, VCR4, VCR5, VCR6, VCR16, VCR19, VCR23, VCR30, VCR102, VCR103, VCR105, VCR106, VCR108, VCR109, VCR116, VCR207, VCR209, VCR214, VCR218, VCR235, VCR237, SSF9A548, APSG1, APSG2, BBS11, C. FUTURO2, C.FUTURO3, TIN50, JANUS10, JANUS50, BF10, BF30, PECCIOLI1, ISVRC1, ISV2.
Clones soon to be submitted for homologation: VCR13, VCR17, VCR21.
CULTIVATED AREA IN ITALY
YEAR 1970 1982 1990 2000 2010
HECTARES 75,217 100,541 86,195 69,746 70,345
CULTIVATED AREA IN ITALY
YEAR 1968 1979 1988 2006
HECTARES - 2,552 1,393 1,625 1,646
RULES TO PLANT A VINEYARD
You must perform this operation always with dry soil
A) On arable land is generally sufficient to ripper + to plow
B) On planting soil is generally sufficient to plow with an escavator and to clean the old roots.
If the previous crop was a vineyard, it is a good idea to leave the soil fallow for at least three years (after plowing). This procedure represents a valid possibility of defence against soil nematodes.
2. SOIL FERTILIZATION
Use organics and if it is a reimplantation, use Calciumocyanamide.
This fertiliser has a protective effect on the soil and the crop, especially against fungi.
3.PROPAGATING GRAPE VINE CUTTINGS
The planting should be carried out in temperate soil. The grafting point should be 8-10 cm above ground. Avoid shaving the redices. As much as possible, put sand and/or peat in contact with the roots (the root fears asphyxiation, while it needs a micro-oxygenation). Never fertilize in a localized manner (near the roots). Never water the rooted cuttings before summer.
When sprouting, the root apparatus must be heated as soon as possible. Work the soil repeatedly every 7/10 days at increasing depth (up to 20 cm), taking into account the moisture of the soil. When the apex of the bud starts to grow, it means that the root system is functioning. Only then can we stop watering the soil. Failure to grow due to access to water is often confused with a lack of water. This is why watering is used which is expensive, useless or even worse.
Protect vegetation from Peronospora. To each treatment add nitrogen (N) and iron (Fe) foliar fertilizer. Do not make any radical fertilization.
Continue with the defense against Peronospora by suspending the addition of the foliar fertilizer. This defense should be reinforced in late summer and should be continued until vegetation growth stops.
The September/October blight is destructive, to the point of bringing death to the whole plant (if it has not lignified). The rooted vine lacks clusters, so lignification occurs at the end of the vegetative cycle.
If incomprehensible anomalies persist after this procedure, contact an agronomist or the VCR Technical Service promptly before carrying out arbitrary procedures which may be unsuitable, expensive and/or worsening.