Merlot Khorus (10 pcs)
These are protected varieties with a monopoly, the reproduction or multiplication of which is prohibited without the consent of the breeders, and with the purchase you undertake not to reproduce or multiply the variety.
Rootstock 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (We will send you the rootstock available at the time)
Resistance characteristics: High to Downy mildew, medium to Oidium
The aromatic framework expresses very evident notes of red fruit ; the polyphenolic picture is excellent both as regards intensity, amplitude and concentration of anthocyanins , and for the quality of tannins. It gives wines of an intense ruby red color, slightly purple, with good body and structure, suitable for medium and prolonged aging.
Variety resistant to downy mildew and tolerant to powdery mildew, suitable for the pedoclimatic conditions of central-northern Italy.
- Sprout: 10-20 cm
- Apex: completely open, with low hair density, and devoid of anthocyanin pigmentation.
- Apical leaves (from 1st to 3rd): wedge-shaped, green in color and almost hairless.
- Basal leaves (from 4th onwards): wedge-shaped and glabrous.
- Sprout axis: pastoral.
- Herbaceous shoot: semi-erect posture; of elliptical cross section, striated outline; internodes and nodes with
- green and red coloring on both faces. Hairless nodes and internodes.
- Tendrils: bifid or rarely triffid, long, intermittent, 2 or fewer consecutive tendrils.
- Flower: hermaphrodite, five fully developed and erect stamens, fully developed gynoecium, detachment of the normal corolla, self-fertile.
- Adult leaf: medium-large in size, wedge-shaped and generally with five lobes. The petiole sinus is very open and with a staple base. The lateral sinuses are moderately deep. The upper page has a red color up to the first bifurcation of the main ribs; a twisted edge profile, surface with medium blistering like depressions, undulations present. The leaf margin has teeth of medium size, medium length and with both sides straight or convex. There are teeth in the upper lateral sinuses. Both leaf pages are hairless.
- Petiole: slightly longer than the median vein of the leaf.
- Autumn color of the leaves: yellow.
- Industrial ripe bunch: medium-small size (12-15 cm, 70-200 g, average weight 120 g), conical, with an always present medium wing; sparse; short peduncle; high resistance to de-stemming.
- Berry: average size, average weight 1.9 g, spheroidal shape, uniform within the bunch. The skin is medium with medium bloom, blue-black in color. The pulp is slightly firm, with a light herbaceous taste. Colorless juice.
- Grapeseed: medium length and heavy weight.
- Woody branch: elliptical cross section, striated surface; brownish color, no lenticels; medium-long internodes (about 13-14 cm), diameter about 11 mm.
- Trunk: of medium vigor.
- Germination: medium, second / third decade of April.
- Flowering: medium, third decade of May / first decade of June.
- Grape ripening: medium, first / third decade of September.
CULTIVATION CHARACTERISTICS AND ATTITUDES
- Vigor: high, rising vegetation.
- Training system: suitable for any type of training, Guyot and spurred cordon recommended.
- Production: regular and constant.
- Real basal fertility: high (basal fertility / real fertility = 0.99).
- Average number of inflorescences per shoot: 2.
- Resistance to abiotic and biotic stress: it does not withstand winter lows below -18 ° C. Resistant to downy mildew, reduced sensitivity to powdery mildew. Moderately sensitive to botrytis and acid rot.
- Behavior with respect to multiplication by grafting: no problems of grafting disaffinity reported on 1103 Paulsen, Kober 5BB, SO4. Yield in the nursery: 77% of SO4.
RULES TO PLANT A VINEYARD
You must perform this operation always with dry soil
A) On arable land is generally sufficient to ripper + to plow
B) On planting soil is generally sufficient to plow with an escavator and to clean the old roots.
If the previous crop was a vineyard, it is a good idea to leave the soil fallow for at least three years (after plowing). This procedure represents a valid possibility of defence against soil nematodes.
2. SOIL FERTILIZATION
Use organics and if it is a reimplantation, use Calciumocyanamide.
This fertiliser has a protective effect on the soil and the crop, especially against fungi.
3.PROPAGATING GRAPE VINE CUTTINGS
The planting should be carried out in temperate soil. The grafting point should be 8-10 cm above ground. Avoid shaving the redices. As much as possible, put sand and/or peat in contact with the roots (the root fears asphyxiation, while it needs a micro-oxygenation). Never fertilize in a localized manner (near the roots). Never water the rooted cuttings before summer.
When sprouting, the root apparatus must be heated as soon as possible. Work the soil repeatedly every 7/10 days at increasing depth (up to 20 cm), taking into account the moisture of the soil. When the apex of the bud starts to grow, it means that the root system is functioning. Only then can we stop watering the soil. Failure to grow due to access to water is often confused with a lack of water. This is why watering is used which is expensive, useless or even worse.
Protect vegetation from Peronospora. To each treatment add nitrogen (N) and iron (Fe) foliar fertilizer. Do not make any radical fertilization.
Continue with the defense against Peronospora by suspending the addition of the foliar fertilizer. This defense should be reinforced in late summer and should be continued until vegetation growth stops.
The September/October blight is destructive, to the point of bringing death to the whole plant (if it has not lignified). The rooted vine lacks clusters, so lignification occurs at the end of the vegetative cycle.
If incomprehensible anomalies persist after this procedure, contact an agronomist or the VCR Technical Service promptly before carrying out arbitrary procedures which may be unsuitable, expensive and/or worsening.