Ciliegiolo (10 pieces)
CILIEGIOLO (10 pieces)
Rootstocks: 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (We will send the graft carrier available at the time)
Of uncertain origin, it spread in central Italy and then in almost all of Italy.
- Ampelographics: the vine is grown almost everywhere, so it is difficult to evaluate any genetic variants. Bud with a moderately expanded apex, velvety, white with golden highlights, with white, velvety apical leaflets with golden or carmine edges. Leaves large, pentagonal, trilobate, with open U-shaped petiolar sinus, slightly tomentose underside, thick, wavy, smooth, dark green blade. Cluster large and long, cylindrical, winged, semi-compact. Berry: large, sub-rounded, black-purple; skin: thick and pruinose; flesh: juicy, neutral flavour, sweet.
- Cultivation requirements: very vigorous vine with upright vegetation, strong and long branches, branched and elastic; adapts to different environments preferring soils that are not too fertile and humid and temperate-hot and dry climates for a general vegetative balance of the plant.
- Cultivation and pruning: prefers expanded forms of cultivation and long pruning; it can be difficult to adapt to forms for extensive mechanisation in cold-temperate climates, especially because of the poor lignification of the shoots. For this reason adequate green pruning is essential in the more northern climates.
- Sprouting time: medium.
- Ripening time: early.
- Production: very abundant and constant.
- Sensitivity to disease and adversity: normal, in more humid climates it is a little sensitive to botrytis. Good resistance to drought.
- Oenological potential: produces a more or less full ruby red wine, fairly robust, not too alcoholic, not too acid, fruity, to be consumed preferably young.
Clones in multiplication: Ciliegiolo VCR1
CULTIVATED AREA IN ITALY
YEAR 1970 1982 1990 2000 2010
HECTARES 3537 6032 5100 3335 2563
RULES TO PLANT A VINEYARD
You must perform this operation always with dry soil
A) On arable land is generally sufficient to ripper + to plow
B) On planting soil is generally sufficient to plow with an escavator and to clean the old roots.
If the previous crop was a vineyard, it is a good idea to leave the soil fallow for at least three years (after plowing). This procedure represents a valid possibility of defence against soil nematodes.
2. SOIL FERTILIZATION
Use organics and if it is a reimplantation, use Calciumocyanamide.
This fertiliser has a protective effect on the soil and the crop, especially against fungi.
3.PROPAGATING GRAPE VINE CUTTINGS
The planting should be carried out in temperate soil. The grafting point should be 8-10 cm above ground. Avoid shaving the redices. As much as possible, put sand and/or peat in contact with the roots (the root fears asphyxiation, while it needs a micro-oxygenation). Never fertilize in a localized manner (near the roots). Never water the rooted cuttings before summer.
When sprouting, the root apparatus must be heated as soon as possible. Work the soil repeatedly every 7/10 days at increasing depth (up to 20 cm), taking into account the moisture of the soil. When the apex of the bud starts to grow, it means that the root system is functioning. Only then can we stop watering the soil. Failure to grow due to access to water is often confused with a lack of water. This is why watering is used which is expensive, useless or even worse.
Protect vegetation from Peronospora. To each treatment add nitrogen (N) and iron (Fe) foliar fertilizer. Do not make any radical fertilization.
Continue with the defense against Peronospora by suspending the addition of the foliar fertilizer. This defense should be reinforced in late summer and should be continued until vegetation growth stops.
The September/October blight is destructive, to the point of bringing death to the whole plant (if it has not lignified). The rooted vine lacks clusters, so lignification occurs at the end of the vegetative cycle.
If incomprehensible anomalies persist after this procedure, contact an agronomist or the VCR Technical Service promptly before carrying out arbitrary procedures which may be unsuitable, expensive and/or worsening.