Chardonnay (10 pcs)

Product code: BAP0023
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Description

Chardonnay (10 pcs)

Rootstocks 1103P - K5BB - S04 - 140RU - 420A (We will send the graft carrier available at the time)

A grape variety of French origin, originally grown in the Champagne and Burgundy areas, it has spread widely in the various wine-growing areas of the world. According to OIV estimates, the world area under Chardonnay in 2000 was about 100,000 hectares.

  • Ampelographics: the variety is fairly homogeneous, the main differences being in the more or less pronounced productivity and the organoleptic components of the grapes. Bud with expanded apex, yellowish-green, slightly tomentose. Leaves are medium-sized, rounded, almost entire, slightly blistered, dark green, with little tomentum, open U-shaped petiolar sinus with ribs delimiting the boundaries of the grape.
  • Open U-shaped sinus with veins delimiting the base at the petiolar point. The bunch is medium-sized, truncated-cone shaped, with an evident wing and is fairly compact. Berry medium, golden-yellow in colour; skin of medium consistency.
  • Cultivation skills: vigorous vine, robust shoots with short internodes, upright vegetation that tends to be balanced. Adapts to different types of soil and climates, as long as they are not too humid. Avoid growing in excessively dry conditions.
  • Cultivation and pruning: adapts to various forms of cultivation, including fully mechanised ones, and to different planting patterns, provided they are not too narrow. It can be pruned short in the south or medium-long in the north as long as the plant has a balanced number of buds. In the more humid northern climates, adequate green pruning is necessary for regular ripening of the grapes and to avoid the onset of botrytis and acid rot.
  • Sprouting time: early.
  • Ripening time: early.
  • Production: average and constant with all forms of cultivation; with long, rich pruning it can become abundant but at the expense of product quality.
  • Sensitivity to disease and adversity: normal, a little sensitive to botrytis in the north and in wet years; sensitive to vine phytoplasmas. Very resistant to chlorosis. Sensitive to late frost. In particular pedoclimatic situations it can show incompatibility with 3309C and Gravesac.
  • Oenological potential: produces a wine with a typical varietal flavour, straw-yellow in colour with golden highlights, with delicate aromas and fragrances, full-bodied, suitably acidic, with good alcohol content.
  • Excellent as a sparkling wine base; vinified in white it takes on a straw-yellow colour. Its use in blending leads to interesting improvements in other wines that tend to be neutral.

Clones in multiplication: Chardonnay R 8, VCR 4, VCR 6, VCR 10, VCR 11, ISV 1, ISV 4, ISV 5, SMA 108, SMA 123, SMA 127, SMA 130, ISMA 105, STWA 95-350, STWA 95-355; French clones: Inra-Entav 75, 76, 95, 96, 117, 121, 132, 277, 548, 809.

CULTIVATED AREA IN ITALY
YEAR 1982 1990 2000 2010
HECTARES 172 6,180 11,773 24,095

CULTIVATED AREA IN FRANCE
YEAR 1968 1979 1988 1998 2006
HECTARES 9,805 13,042 19,869 33,070 42,017

 

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